Friday, May 6, 2016

HCBA May 12th Meeting

Howdy All you wonderful bee interested people!

Our May 12th meeting is right around the corner.

7-9pm at WHIL, 118 Mount Vernon Road, Chicopee, MA 01013

The topic will be Hand Cream and discussion of wax products.

It's a beautiful thing!!

Tuesday, May 3, 2016

Fenway Park Bees!

So thrilled to see this at Fenway Park this weekend..

Not only did the Red Sox whomp the Yankees but the park just added

new bees to their roof top garden area!


Saturday, April 30, 2016

Tom and Tom on their bee adventure to Georgia

We are so grateful for Tom Flebotte and Tom Porter for making the long journey

to Georgia to pick up those gorgeous packages of bees!

You guys are the best!!

HCBA 2016 Bee School Graduation

Hear Ye, Hear Ye!

Announcing our newest group of bee school graduates!!

What a great group of beekeepers they will bee!

Thursday, April 21, 2016

HCBA Celebrates Earth Day at Springfield Museum

What a great day we had representing HCBA and our bees.

It was a lovely event attended by a welcoming crowd.

Special thanks to club members and recent bee school graduates Tommy and Jane Stanziola.

They jumped right into making bee headbands and talking bee talk.

People love bees!

Wednesday, April 13, 2016

HCBA April 21 Bee School Meeting

The April 21st Bee School Meeting will be here soon!

We will have two guest speakers.

Kim Skyrm, Ph.D.
Chief Apiary Inspector/Apiary Program Coordinator
Massachusetts Department of Agricultural Resources


Mark Creighton, our Connecticut Bee Inspector

Also we will be having a discussion on beeswax products and first aid.

There will be a raffle for all 2016 students, with the grand prize being a beautiful hive and bees!

Make sure you get a seat for this fun fiilled meeting!

7-9pm WHIL , Chicopee, MA 01013

Sunday, April 10, 2016

Honey Recipe

Something delicious and a bit summery!

Sweet As Honey Spinach Salad with Honey Mustard Dressing by Beetrix Royale Fresh salad for a light lunch that can be beautifully packed in a mason jar. Add grilled chicken or fish for a complete meal on-the-go. Ingredients Dressing: 3 tablespoons - honey 3 tablespoons - balsamic vinegar 1 tablespoon - Dijon mustard 1 clove - garlic 6 tablespoons - extra virgin olive oil 3/4 teaspoon - salt 1/4 teaspoon - ground pepper Salad: 1 cup - grape tomato, halved 2/3 cup - cucumber, cubed 4 ounces - grilled chicken breast, sliced 1/2 cup - jarred roasted red pepper, diced 2 cups - baby spinach, torn into bite sized pieces Directions Add all dressing ingredients into a blender and mix, or add ingredients to a bowl and use immersion blender to make dressing. Set aside. In two pint sized mason jars, build salad by adding the following into each jar in the following order: 1 ½ tablespoons honey mustard dressing, ½ cup grape tomato, 1/3 cup cucumber, 2 ounces grilled chicken, ¼ cup roasted pepper, 1 cup baby spinach. Close lid to jar and store up to 3 days. When ready to eat, unscrew lid, shake out all ingredients into a bowl and enjoy! Note: Store extra dressing in a sealed container in the refrigerator up to one week. Yield: Makes 2 servings Nutritional Information per serving (Single Salad with Dressing) Calories: 240 Total Fat: 10g Saturated Fat: 1.5g Trans Fat: 0g Cholesterol: 50 mg Sodium: 310 mg Total Carbohydrates: 17g Dietary Fiber: 4g Sugar: 10g Protein: 20g : % Daily Values* Vitamin A: 40% Vitamain C: 45% Calcium: 8% Iron: 15% : *Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 Calorie diet. Your Daily Values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.

Saturday, April 2, 2016

HCBA April 7th Meeting

HCBA April 7th Meeting!

The topic will be Fall and Winter Management with our

guest speaker Jeff Rys

Extracting Honey with our guest speaker Bill Romito

Looking forward to seeing you all there 

and remember dandilions on our lawns are good bee food!

Willimansett Heights Improvement League, 118 Mount Vernon Road, Chicopee, MA 01013

Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Planting for Bees

Here is a beautiful list of plantings for our delightful little foragers

Wanting to plant flowers, shrubs and trees that benefit local bee populations? This is your definitive guide of what to plant. Of course, do your research into these plants. You don’t want to accidentally plant something that’s incredibly invasive in your area, right?
Spring and Summer Bulbs
  • Purple flowering onions (Allium spp.)
  • Golden crocus (Crocus x luteus)
  • Bishop Series dahlias* (Dahlia)
  • Winter aconite (Eranthis hyemalis)
  • Grape hyacinth (Muscari armeniacum)
  • Siberian squill (Scilla sibirica)

Perennials and Biennials
  • Anise hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)
  • Butterfly milkweed (Asclepias tuberosa)
  • Lesser calamint (Calamintha nepeta)
  • Cornflowers (Centaurea spp.)
  • Gas plant (Dictamnus albus)
  • Purple coneflower (Echinacea purpurea)
  • Globe thistles (Echinops spp.)
  • Fireweed (Epilobium angustifolium)
  • Blanketflowers (Gaillardia spp.)
  • Cranesbills (Geranium spp.)
  • Fall sedums (Hylotelephiumtelephium)
  • Knautia (Knautia macedonica)
  • Forget-me-not (Myosotis sylvatica)
  • Russian sage (Perovskia atriplicifolia)
  • Meadow sage (Salvia nemorosa)
  • Showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)
  • Fall asters (Symphyotricum spp.)

  • Cosmos (Cosmos spp.)
  • California poppy (Eschscholzia californica)
  • Sunflower* (Helianthus annuus)
  • Heliotrope (Heliotropium arborescens)
  • Love-in-a-mist (Nigella damascena)
  • Breadseed poppy (Papaver somniferum)
  • Portulaca* (Portulaca spp.)
  • Blue anise sage (Salvia guaranitica)
  • Profusion and common zinnias* (Zinnia spp.)

  • Chives and onions (Allium spp.)
  • Borage (Borago officinalis)
  • Horehound (Marrubium vulgare)
  • Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
  • Mints (Mentha spp.)
  • Catmints (Nepeta spp.)
  • Creganos (Origanum spp.)
  • Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
  • Rue (Ruta graveolens)
  • Sage (Salvia officinalis)
  • Thyme (Thymus spp.)

  • Heather (Calluna vulgaris)
  • Blue mist bush (Caryopteris x clandonensis)
  • Summersweet (Clethra alnifolia)
  • Winter heath (Erica carnea)
  • Lavenders (Lavandula spp.)
  • Sumacs (Rhus spp.)
  • Elderberry (Sambucus nigra)

  • Maples (Acer spp.)
  • Alders (Alnus spp.)
  • Redbud (Cercis canadensis)
  • Hazels (Corylus spp.)
  • Tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera)
  • Fruit trees, especially apple, plum, and cherry (Malus and Prunus spp.)
  • Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica)
  • Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)
  • Willows (Salix spp.)
  • Basswood/linden (Tilia spp.)

  • Viper’s bugloss (Echium vulgare)
  • Birdsfoot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus)
  • Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)
  • Clovers (Trifolium and Melilotus spp.)
 Thanks Russ!

Thursday, March 24, 2016

Happy Easter, Happy Spring!

Have a beautiful Easter and enjoy seeing those dear bees bringing in lots of pollen!

Monday, March 21, 2016

HCBA March 24th Bee School Meeting

Hi There Bee Lovers

HCBA March 24th Bee School Meeting  7-9pm

Ken Warchol will be our guest speaker and the topic-

Challenges of Beekeeping

What a perfect egg for this spring season.

Hope your hives are filled with them!

WHIL, 118 Mount Vernon Road, Chicopee MA 10013

Friday, March 18, 2016

Honey Nut Cheerios Buzz the Bee Mascot Goes Missing!

In an effort to raise awareness of the decline in pollinator populations, General Mills in Canada has launched an integrated marketing campaign revolving around finding a solution to unstable bee populations. 

To draw attention to the cause, General Mills has temporarily removed Buzz the Bee from Honey Nut Cheerios packaging. In an Adweek Magazine article, Emma Eriksson, director of Marketing for General Mills Canada, said "This is the first time in the brand's history that we've taken 'Buzz' off the box, One-third of the foods we depend on for our survival are made possible by the natural pollination work that bees provide. With ongoing losses in bee populations being reported across Canada, we wanted to leverage our packaging to draw attention to this important cause and issue a call to action to Canadians to help plant 35 million wildflowers—one for every person in Canada."

The campaign includes free packets of wildflower seeds, contests, free product samples, a special website - - and new television ads.

As of this writing, there is no word on whether The Big G is going to extend the campaign into the United States.

Similarly, there is no word on whether General Mills is going to mention the role pesticides and GMOs have in honeybee endangerment.


Thursday, March 17, 2016

Controversy Over MDAR's Proposed Pollinator Protection Plan

In an article published on March 11 2016, the Boston Globe said that Massachusetts beekeepers has "enraged beekeepers, who say the state has ignored their plan to address the problems and underestimated the threat pesticides present to bees."

The plan, which is in it's draft form right now, calls for some changes in the state's apiary inspection program, voluntary training in safer use of pesticides by farmers, and some additional regulation from the state which would be used to help track and research bee deaths.

You can download a draft copy of the Pollinator Protection Plan by clicking on this link. I encourage you to do so, and to carefully read the proposal, because the Globe's articles raises some valid questions as well as making a couple points that I just can not seem to find in the document when I read it.

For example, the article says that the Plan "strips beekeepers of their ability to teach others their craft, instead placing the responsibility with state officials." I can't find anything about that in the Plan. Rather, it explicitly says:
  • Attend a bee school and/or work with a mentor to learn about beekeeping practices. Currently, there are opportunities for classroom instruction, field training, and mentoring provided by knowledgeable beekeepers to members of county beekeeping associations. 
  • Work within the local beekeeping community to encourage queen rearing using northern adapted bees, in order to increase vitality and genetics. 
It seems to me that the language as written in the draft is specifically asking aspiring beekeepers to do what they are doing now: Find a club or association, take a beekeeping class from them, and join the associations to take advantage of the resources that club members make available.

The Globe's article also says that the Plan "also imposes 'unfair regulation' and 'unrealistic policies' on beekeepers, preventing them from being able to manage their bees successfully." Here again, what I am finding in the document itself doesn't seem to be that onerous:

  • Register the location of hives with MDAR, so that they can be included on a hive map, used for contacting beekeepers in times of health concerns as well as a resource that pesticide applicators can use to mitigate pesticide exposure. 
  • Work with Mosquito Control Projects to be included on "No Spray" lists. Ensure that hives are visible to users/applicators by using marking flags and/or paints. 
  • Only use pesticides currently registered for hive use, and use them according to label instructions. Obtain a pesticide applicator license for material classified for Section 18/Emergency Exemption Use or Restricted Use. 
  • In the case of "Bee Kills" where pesticide use is suspected, report to MDAR promptly for investigation. 
  • If needed, request an annual inspection from MDAR to evaluate hive health. 
  • Participate in state and national surveys related to hive helath, so that the status of Massachusetts honey bees can be documented.
Most of these items, it seems to me, are things that beekeepers are doing anyway, although that part about the pesticides is probably quite irritating for beekeepers who are successfully using oxalic acid vaporizers to treat varroa mites (oxalic acid is not currently approved in Massachusetts - or Connecticut either, for that matter, so those of us using it against mites in our hives are operating in a grey area here.)


What I do find bothersome, though, is the way that pesticide applicators and land managers are given practically free rein to continue doing what they're doing, with only a gentle nudge of a suggestion here and there, rather than stricter limitations or an outright ban on pesticides that have been shown to be damaging to all pollinator populations, not just honeybees. Yes, it calls for obtaining proper licensure from MDAR prior to applying pesticides, but isn't a license already required for that? And this wording just doesn't seem strong enough to me:

  • Seek training to learn about the biology, life history, husbandry, and best management practices (BMPs) of managed bee pollinators, in order to better understand methods that avoid non-target impacts.
  • Use an Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach to pest control, by utilizing economic thresholds for determining actions. If pesticides are required, seek products that have low toxicity, short residual toxicity, and properties that are repellent to bees.
  • When possible, apply aproducts when managed bee pollinators are less actively foraging (i.e. at night) and when crops attractive to bees for floral resources are not in bloom. Apply pesticides in a manner that they do not drift off target. Do not make applications in areas adjacent to pollinator habitat when the wind is blowing in the direction of hives.

I don't see any strong language there, just "seek," and "when possible." Where are the limitations? Where are the bans on pesticides that have actually been shown to be harmful to pollinators? Why is there no mention of pesticides that become systemic to the plant and which shouldn't be allowed in any quantity?

Although reading the Boston Globe article makes it seem as though nothing we can say or do will change the draft proposal, there is still time to make your voice heard. There will be a public hearing about the proposal right here in our own back yard on Wednesday, March 23rd at the MDAR office in the Slobody Building, 101 University Drive, Amherst MA from 4:00 PM to 6:00 PM.

You can also send comments to Kim Skyrm, the Chief Apiary Inspector at Read the Plan and however you feel about it, make your voice heard!

The comments section is open if anyone would care to discuss the Boston Globe article or my interpretation of it.

Views expressed in this article are my own and not necessarily those of the Hampden County Beekeepers Association.

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Friday, March 11, 2016

Wednesday, March 9, 2016

HCBA March 10th bee school meeting

Hello fellow bee lovers

March 10th Bee School Meeting 

Our speakers will be Billy Crawford (professional beekeeper)

the topic is Spring and Summer Management


Jeff Rys 

with the topic Bears and other Invaders (always a fun one)

Be there for a 7pm start up please.

Willimanset Heights Improvement League, 118 Mt.Vernon Road, Chicopee, MA 01013

Saturday, March 5, 2016

Beekeeping Gear

Now is the time to check your beekeeping gear for the season.

Make certain you have all your boxes and frames ready to go

Paint, Paint.Paint

Wire, Wire, Wire

Get a move on folks!

Friday, February 26, 2016

HCBA February 25th Meeting Presentations Download

Our meeting was very well attended and as always entertaining!

Here are the downloads as promised. Enjoy!



White House Bee hive

Saturday, February 20, 2016

Things I like to see in February

Somedays a February Day can delight  you!

Spring will be here before we know it, get your bee gear in order.

Thanks again Mark!

HCBA February25th Bee School Meeting

Hello Beekeepers!

Our February 25th Bee School Meeting is right around the corner.

Andy Preissner will be our speaker for the evening 
with the subjects being Swarms and Queens and
Dynamics of the Hive.

Please plan on arriving early as we do like to get started promptly at 7pm.

If you feel so inclined, bring a delicious treat to share with your fellow keeps!

See you in a few.
WHIL, 118 Mt Vernon Road, Chicopee, MA 01013

Tuesday, February 9, 2016

Wishing you all a Beeutiful Valentines Day!

Love is in the Air
and soon so will our bees!

Wishing you all the sweetest Valentines Day.

Saturday, February 6, 2016

An interesting Article on Bee Deaths

There's a new clue about what's killing honeybees around the world

Bees are at risk from a deadly virus spread by the Varroa mite.
One question that has had scientists buzzing in recent years is, "What is killing the bees?" Many reports have documented the mysterious decline in honeybee populations around the world, with research focusing on possible causes including parasites, a type of pesticide called neonicotinoids, and other factors. Now, research out of the University of Exeter in the UK and the University of California, Berkeley, reveals another explanation: the spread of a viral disease, inadvertently helped along by humans.
The study, published in the journal Science, found that European honeybees are the main source of Deformed Wing Virus, which has spread through bee hives around the world. The researchers determined that the spread of this insect pandemic is largely fueled by human trade and transportation of bees.

How does it spread? The Varroa mite carries the disease, feeding on bee larvae, then the virus itself kills off the bees.
The study's lead author, Dr. Lena Wilfert, of the University of Exeter's Centre for Ecology and Conservation, said they found evidence that human involvement has played a key role in the epidemic.
"If the spread was naturally occurring, we would expect to see transmission between countries that are close to each other, but we found that, for example, the New Zealand virus population originated in Europe. This significantly strengthens the theory that human transportation of bees is responsible for the spread of this devastating disease," she said in a press statement.

The research team examined sequence data of the virus samples collected from around the world from bees and the mites that carry the virus. They used this data to construct a path of how the virus spread, determining that it traveled from Europe to North America, Australia, and New Zealand. There was no movement between Asia and Australia, but there was some back-and-forth between Europe and Asia. While they examined other species of bees, they determined that the European honeybee was the main culprit for the virus's spread.
"We must now maintain strict limits on the movement of bees, whether they are known to carry Varroa or not. It's also really important that beekeepers at all levels take steps to control Varroa in their hives, as this viral disease can also affect wild pollinators," Wilfert said.
Scientists are concerned about the impact these mass bee deaths could have, not just on biodiversity, but on human health and global agriculture.
"Domesticated honeybee colonies are hugely important for our agriculture systems, but this study shows the risks of moving animals and plants around the world," co-author Roger Butlin, a professor of evolutionary biology at the University of Sheffield, said. "The consequences can be devastating, both for domestic animals and for wildlife. The risk of introducing viruses or other pathogens is just one of many potential dangers."

Monday, February 1, 2016

A Picture of Bees on a January? Day!

We sure are having a warm winter this year here in New England.

Here is a photo of some girls enjoying the lovely weather.

Thanks Mark!

Wednesday, January 27, 2016

Some Valentine Chocolate Love

This looks delightful and sweet.

Valentines Day 
Honey Chocolate Pudding

This oh, so easy, decadent and yet healthy pudding 
uses only 3 ingredients!
It is sugar-free, gluten-free and dairy-free!


Time: 15 minutes
Serves: 6-8 *

1 ripe avocados
2 medium ripe banana
3 tsp of pure cacao powder

Chia seeds
Yogurt or sour cream
Coconut shredded
Anything goes here honest!

Place all ingredients n a food processor and mix until a rich velvety pudding. You're done! 

Scoop generous portions into bowls, top with any of the above 
toppings or your favorite....Serve with a smile!

Stays in refrigerator for 2 days, cover pudding direct contact 
with plastic wrap to prevent avocado from browning.

*This pudding is very rich so portions are to your liking.

Monday, January 18, 2016

January 21 HCBA Bee School Meeting

Howdy All you Beautiful Beekeepers!

Our next meeting is right around the corner-

January 21, 2016 7-9pm

be there promptly please!

Tom Flebotte will be speaking about sources for bees and installation into the hive.
If you feel inclined to bring a treat, please feel free!

Willimansett Heights Improvement League
118 Mount Vernon Road
WHIL, Chicopee MA, 

Sunday, January 10, 2016

Tastes of Honey

This looks like a fun thing to do as we endure the winter months.

February 2016 CT: American Honey Tasting Society presents, Honey 101: Introduction to Honey Tasting (1st Graduating Class) with Instructors Carla Marina Marchese & Raffaele Dall’Olio (Albo Nazionale Esperti di Analisi Sensoriale del Miele) February 2-3 or 6-7, 2016 Norfield Grange, 12 Goodhill Rd, Weston, CT Info: Email:

Friday, January 8, 2016

2016 HCBA Bee School off to a roaring start!

What a great start to Bee School!

We had a full house for our 1st class of Bee School

Ken Warchol was our delightful  guest speaker .

It was so good to see all our new students interested in our beloved honeybees.

And equally delightful to see so many members come out for the evening.

Monday, December 28, 2015

HCBA 2016 Bee School Begins

Well here we go again...Looking forward to a great new year of bee talk.

Members are welcome to come and enjoy the good company of beekeeps and meet our new class members.

The 2016 beekeepers school will be held at the Willimanset Heights Improvement League (WHIL) 118 Mount Vernon Road, Chicopee, MA, 01013 from 7 – 9 on two Thursday evenings each month, beginning January 7, 2016.  Please arrive before
 7:00 p.m.  Class starts promptly at 7:00.

January 7

Introduction to Hampden County Beekeepers Association

                                              Speaker: HCBA – Board of Directors

Topic 1 & 2

Introduction to Beekeeping

                                              Speaker: Ken Warchol – Worcester

Monday, December 21, 2015

Bee Culture Magazine New Release

Bee Culture Magazine is proud to announce the launch of their brand new beginner’s magazine entitled BEEkeeping Your First Three Years.
A quarterly, newsstand-only offering, the very first issue has articles aimed specifically at brand new, and not quite so brand new beekeepers looking for solid, factual and reliable beekeeping information from sources that they can trust.
“It’s a big day for the Root Company, and for Bee Culture magazine,” said Brad Root, President of Root Candles, publisher of both BEEkeeping and Bee Culture magazines“There hasn’t been a regular, new magazine produced for beginning beekeepers since A.I. Root came out with Gleanings In Bee Culture, more than 140 years ago, and that was aimed directly at the expanding population of brand new and inexperienced beekeepers” he said. “This was the first audience A. I. had, and it’s good to see that tradition return.”
“We’re excited to have another title out there helping beekeepers do what they love doing, better”, exclaimed Rex Mason, CEO of Root Candles. “We know how much work it took our Publications Department to make this happen, and the finished product is something we are all proud of.”
The first issue features Roy Hendrickson on Successful Beekeeping, Buzz Phillis on Finding Beeyards, Ann Harman on What To Do And Why, and, Finding Answers, Kim Flottum on 10 Rules, Les Crowder on Top Bar Hives, Toni Burnham on Urban Beekeeping, New Products, Jim Tew on Beekeeping Equipment and Getting Bees by Phil Craft, and regional reports by Jennifer Berry, Dewey Caron and others.
Available nationwide in TSC Farm stores, Barnes & Noble, Hastings and Books-A-Million Bookstores, and hundreds of independent book stores all over the map, the new Quarterly will arrive on Newsstands the week of December 21, and remain available (unless sold out) until the end of March.
Future issues will focus on using individual pieces of equipment, examining hives, seasonal plants in the various regions of the U.S. and especially seasonal management no matter where you live, and so much, much more to enable new, inexperienced beekeepers be successful and enjoy their endeavor.
“It’s been a challenge to get this up and going, but when that first issue came yesterday, it was all worth it,” said Kim Flottum, Editor. “Our crew took up my challenge of doing even more for the beekeeping community, and I think we’ve exceeded even my wishes. It’s a terrific magazine!”

Wednesday, December 16, 2015

The Weeks before Christmas

It can Bee a busy time for us all.

Just remember to get your membership dues for 2016 to your dedicated secretary.

Tuesday, December 8, 2015

HCBA Christmas Party!

Well it's almost here!

December 11.2015

Our Annual Christmas Party

Hope to see you there!

Wednesday, December 2, 2015

Manuka Honey from New Zealand

Something delicious this way comes.


The biography of an extraordinary honey

Cliff Van Eaton

Not so long ago, in a small island nation in the South Pacific, beekeepers produced a most peculiar honey. It was much darker than the clover honey everyone put on their toast in the morning, and it tasted very different. In fact, the honey was a problem: it was hard to get out of the combs, and even harder for beekeepers to sell.
Today that honey, manuka from New Zealand, is known around the world. It fetches high prices, and beekeepers do everything in their power to produce as much of it as possible. Wound dressings containing manuka honey are used in leading hospitals, and it has saved the lives of patients infected with disease-causing bacteria that are resistant to standard antibiotic drugs. In so doing it has forced the medical profession to rethink its position on the therapeutic properties of natural products.
Manuka: The biography of an extraordinary honey chronicles the remarkable ‘rags-to-riches’ story of manuka honey, as seen through the eyes of a New Zealand beekeeping specialist who watched it unfold from the very beginning. It’s a great tale of science, in which an inquisitive university lecturer found something totally unexpected in a product everyone had written off. It’s also an entertaining account of the way that seemingly simple discovery caught the international media’s attention, helping enterprising New Zealanders to develop manuka honey-based products and take them all around the globe.
But above all else it’s a story of hope for the future, sounding a note of optimism in a world that for good reason feels saddened and sometimes even afraid about the future of the special relationship we humans have always had with those marvellous creatures, the honey bees.

Finalist - 2015 Royal Society of New Zealand Science Book Prize

"Manuka honey is a uniquely New Zealand product, valued here and internationally for its rich taste and therapeutic properties. In this delightful and surprising book Cliff Van Eaton tells the captivating story of the science behind the discovery of the antibiotic effects of manuka honey, with a focus on the scientists and beekeepers who have brought this product to the world." ~Judges' comments

****Silver Medalist at the World Beekeeping Awards 2015****

Always on the look out for a new honey in the world.

Friday, November 27, 2015

Candy Board for Winter Feeding

I received an email asking for more info on candy boards.

Here is another good source.


In the quest for the perfect feeding method, the candy board should be considered as an alternative to feeding either sugar syrup or dry sugar. The candy board is a plywood cover with a wooden rim attached. The rim could be anywhere from three quarters of an inch to two inches deep; the resultant cover will hold from two to five pounds of candy.
The candy board is best used to feed bees during the colder parts of the year in temperate regions.  Humidity is created in a colony as the bees warm the cluster). The resultant moisture becomes incorporated into the candy, making it more accessible.
Constructing the candy board is straightforward. Preparing the candy, however, often calls for experimentation.  One recipe calls for heating a super saturated solution of sugar (12 pounds sugar; 1 1/2 pounds honey; 1 1/4 quart water; 1/4 teaspoon cream of tarter) to 238 degrees F.   Others recommend heating the mixture to 300 to 310 degrees F.    After removing it from the heat source and adding cream of tartar, cool to 125 degrees F., then stir until cloudy and pour into the board (cover). 1   
The resultant candy is rock hard. simpler alternative is to wet the board, pour in dry sugar, just barely dampen the mixture and allow it to dry for several weeks.   Nails driven through the rim before the sugar is added will help keep the resultant cake in place. A big advantage of the candy board is that it can be made up ahead of time and stored until needed. Feeding then becomes the simple act of inverting the candy board over the hive, sugar side down. Robbing is also minimized because there is little possibility of spilling sugar syrup in the apiary.  At first glance, the advantages of the candy board are appealing. However, only when a beekeeper sees the fruits of using the candy board mature within their own management style, should its use become doctrine.  Many ideas on this topic can be found on the World Wide Web.
 1.     H. Williams, Beekeeping in Tennessee, Publication 697, Cooperative Extension Service, Knoxville, TN, 1985.